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Type is a platform for design in the built environment. We aim to better share knowledge, increase accessibility, and support a culture of critique.

Articles

A space for public opinion and debate, engaging with a broad range of contributors in architecture, landscape, urban design, planning, and beyond.

Metropolitan duality: Cork and Naples explored through the Venturi lens

Robert Venturi's postmodernist theories, outlined in his 1966 book "Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture", have significantly influenced urban development. This article examines how two cities, Cork and Naples, have responded differently to these concepts through an analysis of similar heritage spaces, illustrating how one place’s adoption of these ideas may influence the development trajectory of the other.

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Working Hard / Hardly Working

The autumnal earth: the Irish National War Memorial Gardens

The Irish National War Memorial Gardens affords individual moments amongst a universal set-piece. Referencing the scale of the cosmos, and receding to landscape, city, building, room, it uniquely allows us to situate the presence of our individual bodies in the context of a broader continuum. A vital experience in a time of climate emergency.

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Working Hard / Hardly Working

Space healers

Taking architectural education beyond the speculative can transform real-world environments – and healthcare settings are ideal beneficiaries of student creativity and innovation.

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One Good Idea

The office is hibernating

In post-pandemic Dublin, discussion regarding commercial property has centred on vacancy, demand, alternate use, and financing. In this article, Séamus Guidera considers the lesser discussed architectural opportunities of commercial offices downsizing and offers a broader rethink of what purposes a corporate HQ serves.

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Present Tense
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Ireland in the Year 2000: Towards a National Strategy

An Foras Forbartha
Book
€ 7.95 EUR

This publication documents a 1983 colloquium concerned with the need for an Irish national strategic plan to provide the physical, economic, and social infrastructure required by the end of the 20th century.

Contents Rapporteur’s Report R. Mulvihill, M. Conroy An Foras Forbartha Previous Plans: Targets versus Performance G. Walker Head, Planning Division, An Foras Forbartha Ireland: A Global Perspective Leonard Wrigley University College Cork Planning & Process Ivor Kenny University College Dublin On Formulating National Goals G. Daly Milltown Institute of Philosophy and Theology Motivation: An Historian’s Point of View J. Lee University College Cork Key Sectors for Economic Growth John Bourke Allied Irish Investment Bank Limited Issues of Administration T. O Cearbhaill Former Secretary, Department of Labour The Fiscal Framework Kieran. A. Kennedy Economic and Social Research Institute Planning & Social Structure James Wickham Trinity College Dublin Elements of a National Plan: Physical Components M. Gough Irish Planning Institute Authors: R. Mulvihill, M. Conroy, G. Walker, Leonard Wrigley, Ivor Kenny, G. Daly, J. Lee, John Bourke, T. O Cearbhaill, Kieran. A. Kennedy, James Wickham, M. Gough Keywords: Report, integrated design programme, economics, development, socio-cultural, organisation, statistics, market, concept, resources, crisis, structure, The Catholic Church, Economic Advantage, Potential, Sector, EEC, chemical industry, growth simulators, public authorities, framework, politics, policy, inequality, gender inequality, division of labour
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RIAI Bulletin 59

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Notices, standards, circular, newsletter, committee, competition, conference, course, lecture, planners, membership, RIAI, Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland, AAI, Architectural Association ireland, practise notice, UCD, University College Dublin, Bolton Street, concrete, materiality, design, detail, specification,
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RIAI Bulletin 58

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Notices, standards, circular, newsletter, committee, competition, conference, course, lecture, planners, membership, RIAI, Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland, AAI, Architectural Association ireland, practise notice, UCD, University College Dublin, Bolton Street, concrete, materiality, design, detail, specification, Gold Medal, Annual Conference, Quantity Surveyor, Burke Kennedy Doyle, The Organon Factory, Nevvyphonn, Ailwee Caves, Ailwee Caves Access Building, Ballyvaughan, Andrez Wejchert, Bord na Mona, Baggot Street
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RIAI Bulletin 57

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Notices, standards, circular, newsletter, committee, competition, conference, course, lecture, planners, membership, RIAI, Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland, AAI, Architectural Association ireland, practise notice, UCD, University College Dublin, Bolton Street, concrete, materiality, design, detail, specification,
Read more

RIAI Bulletin 56

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Notices, standards, circular, newsletter, committee, competition, conference, course, lecture, planners, membership, RIAI, Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland, AAI, Architectural Association ireland, practise notice, UCD, University College Dublin, Bolton Street, concrete, materiality, design, detail, specification,
Read more

RIAI Bulletin 55

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Notices, standards, circular, newsletter, committee, competition, conference, course, lecture, planners, membership, RIAI, Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland, AAI, Architectural Association ireland, practise notice, UCD, University College Dublin, Bolton Street, concrete, materiality, design, detail, specification, CIF, Derek Tynan, David Kelly, Quilligan, Twamley, Sheila O’Donnell, Moloney O’Berine, Guy-Hutchinson Locke, James Horan and Anne Harper, Ballynahinch, Robinson McIlwaine, Glenarm Housing, Northern Ireland Housing Executive, Northern Bank, Ulster Folk and Transport Museum, Ferguson and McIlveen, New School of Architecture Building, Queens,
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RIAI Bulletin 59

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Read more

RIAI Bulletin 58

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Read more

RIAI Bulletin 57

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Read more

RIAI Bulletin 56

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Read more

RIAI Bulletin 55

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Read more

RIAI Bulletin 54

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 EUR

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Read more

Ireland in the Year 2000: Towards a National Strategy

An Foras Forbartha
Book
€ 7.95 EUR

This publication documents a 1983 colloquium concerned with the need for an Irish national strategic plan to provide the physical, economic, and social infrastructure required by the end of the 20th century.

Read more

UCD Architecture 2008

Editor: Pierre Jolivet.
Book
€ 0.00 EUR

An annual yearbook featuring staff and student work from the UCD School of Architecture.

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UCD Architecture 2007

Editors: Brian Ward, Pierre Jolivet, Gerry Hayden.
Book
€ 0.00 EUR

An annual yearbook featuring staff and student work from the UCD School of Architecture.

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UCD Architecture 2006

Editors: Gary A. Boyd, Hugh Campbell, Pierre Jolivet, Jim Murphy, Elizabeth Shotton.
Book
€ 0.00 EUR

An annual yearbook featuring staff and student work from the UCD School of Architecture.

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streets for living: a conference on residential road design

Editor: Eoghan Brangan.
Book
€ 7.95 EUR

Organised by an Foras Forbartha, this paper documents the proceedings of a conference on residential road design from Jury’s Hotel in Dublin in May 1976.

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Office Location and Regional Development: Proceedings of a Conference

Authors: Dr. D. F. Moore, Michael B. Lawless, Michael J. Bannon, John Goddard, Bertil Thorngren, Jan Toby, George Yannopoulos.
Book
€ 7.95 EUR

This publication documents a two-day conference from 1973 discussing office location and regional development. Topics include reviewing the existing pattern of office location, considering future policies, and referencing international practice.

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