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Type is a platform for design in the built environment. We aim to share knowledge, increase accessibility, and support a culture of critique.

Articles

A space for public opinion and debate, engaging with a broad range of contributors in architecture, landscape, urban design, planning, and beyond.

The Tallaght District-Heating Scheme

At just 6%, Ireland currently has the lowest share of renewable heat generation across the EU and is almost totally reliant on imported fossil fuels to meet its heat demand. This article discusses the benefits of South Dublin County Council’s recently commissioned district-heating scheme, its complex structure and procurement of same, and the role of the architect in such decarbonisation projects.

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Present Tense

No place for a pear

A key aim of the 2022-2028 Dublin City Development Plan is the fostering of a positive urban realm; striving to “ensure that Dublin City is a real and vibrant city where people live and work, not merely a tourist destination”. Now two years into this Development Plan’s six-year strategy, this article maps a primary pedestrian route along popular city streets, presenting a micro case study of the contemporary urban condition.

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Future Reference

City Elsewhere

Dublin is a city where (for certain people and certain uses) space is limited, and often inflexible. The City Elsewhere, a research project activated through a construction workshop, acted as an opportunity to think about our public spaces outside the confines of Dublin’s frequently slow, permission restricted construction processes.

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Open Space

Roaming right

Much of the Irish countryside is in private ownership, meaning rural populations without access to designated walking routes are relegated to ditches and roadsides. Legislating for responsible public access to private land could offer safety, health, and ecological benefits.

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One Good Idea
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Library

The Type online library is a digital repository of publications featuring unique research and fresh insights on the design of the built environment.

All journals and books are free to download for Type members; please login or use the download button for access.

Non-members can purchase items from the library on a one-off basis or become a member of Type to avail of the full benefits of membership.

Architectural Survey 1967

Editor: Patrick M. Delany.
Journal
€ 4.75 

Architectural Survey was an annual review of contemporary architecture in Ireland, which ran from 1953-1972.

Under construction, leisure, clubhouse, health, residential, social housing, showroom, Opera House, church, ecclesiastical, religious, hotel, hospitality, pavilion, factory, estate, sculpture, pitch, apartment, TCD, Trinity College Dublin, pub, bar, renovation, refurbishment, aerial photography, photography
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Architecture in Ireland - vol. 1, no. 3

Editor: Tomás O’Beirne.
Journal
€ 5.95 

First published in 1978, Architecture in Ireland was a magazine which featured ‘news, views and reviews’, architecturally significant buildings, and descriptions and illustrations of proposed developments.

Giedion, Siegfried: Space, Time and Architecture; Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Sixth Printing, 1976, Paul Rudolph, Down Mexico Way, Registration, The RIAI Bursary, Travelling Scholarship, Architectural “Nobel Prize”, New Architects, DIT Bolton Street, UCD, The Dolphin, Sink or Swim, Russian Tour, Walker Exhibitions, Surprise, Brady, Shipman, Martin, Landscape Architects, John B. Barry, P. F. Covney & Son, J. J O’Leary & Sons, Paul Rudolph, Holiday homes, graduate architects, Office interiors, Office fit-out, International Council for Building Research Studies and Documentation, Standard Method of Measurement of Building Works, RDS Building Exhibition, Siegfried Giedion, Space Time and Architecture, Oscar Richardson, Padraig Murray, World Registration Council for Architects, RIAI Bursary, RIAI Travelling Scholarship, Architectural Nobel Prize, New Architects, Dolphin Hotel, USSR Tour, Whitegate, Cork, Trabolgan Homes Ltd, John B Barry & Partners, PF Covney & Son, JJ O’Leary & Sons LTD, Cork Harbour, Kincora, Cramvel Linen, John England, OMK, 19 Herbert Place, Grand Canal, London Office, Bolsover Street, Alec Clarke, CBC Systems, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, Leeson Street, Irish Times,
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Architectural Survey 1959

Editor: Patrick M. Delany
Journal
€ 4.75 

Architectural Survey was an annual review of contemporary architecture in Ireland, which ran from 1953-1972.

Office of Public Works, Reconstruction, domestic, Desmond R. O’Kelly, Gustamur-foto, Catholic Church, Curragh Camp, Kildare, Church of the Resurrection, Spangle Hill, Cork, St. Mary’s Church, Creggan Derry, Convent of the Good Shepherd, Convent, Church, chapel, cathedral, Commerce, Health, Industry, Education, Religion, Housing, Public Service, Recreation, New Liberty Hall Building, Earley Studios of Ecclesiastical Arts, The Walpamur Company, RW Hammond, P.J. Hegarty, Studio 39, Leinster Studios, Rev. Fr. Rynne CSSP, WD Fry, T.S. McCarter, Lensmen, Leslie Stuart Studios, Rex Roberts Studios, Brendan Wall, Arthur Winter, Newtownards Chronicle, Deegan Photo, Directory of Architects, Classified Buyers’ Guide, Index to advertisers
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Free Market News

Editors: Jeffrey Bolhuis, Jo Anne Butler, Miriam Delaney, Tara Kennedy, Laurence Lord, Orla Murphy.
Book
€ 0.00 

Free Market News is a study of market towns in Ireland, featuring a collection of essays from a broad range of experts on the past, present, and future of these small-scale settlements. The book was published as part of Free Market, the Irish Pavilion at La Biennale di Venezia 2018.

market, town, public square, trade, local, village, regeneration, urbanism, urban design, rural, Ireland, morphology, settlement, tradition, conservation, planning, Small town life; Back to the future for town square; The demise of the Irish market house; The morphology and form of the Irish market town; Ballinrobe Market House; Macroom Mountain Dew Festival; OutType: The shopfronts of Irish towns and villages; Redesigned public spaces in Clonakilty provide vital lessons in collaborative place-making; Checking the pulse of Ireland's historic towns; RIAI Town Toolkit: making places for people; Developing an app for land use surveys; Network of walled towns fosters twin aims of conservation and economic growth; Action needed to address the impact of rural housing on towns; The future of rural towns in Ireland; The clearing; The shape of towns - Clones, Athy and Inistioge; The Irish town, and time; Planning and Irish towns; The town in Irish literature; A day in the life of a town; Small town revival in the age of globalisation; Making small towns strong again; The Daily Yonder - a newspaper that is connecting rural communities; New ways for towns to adapt consiered at Callan Workhouse; Love lost to Longford; A new model for community bookshops; Athenry for Apple; A meeting at the market; Ballymahon market house: A modern day agora; Immigrants open shops; Extract from The Clancy Kid; Market day; Rural by choice: yoga nights at the Art & Frame
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RIAI Bulletin 57

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

Notices, standards, circular, newsletter, committee, competition, conference, course, lecture, planners, membership, RIAI, Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland, AAI, Architectural Association ireland, practise notice, UCD, University College Dublin, Bolton Street, concrete, materiality, design, detail, specification,
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The Relative Importance of Elements of Low Rise Housing Environments

Author: Ray Mulvihill.
Book
€ 7.95 

This working paper documents research undertaken to discover residents’ views on their housing environments to identify those elements associated with overall satisfaction and to make such information available to designers and policy makers.

Planning division working paper, housing user satisfaction, relative importance of elements, low rise, housing complaint level, Cork, Dublin, Limerick, Estate Appearance, Vandalism, Play, Back Garden, School, Front Garden, Rent, Shops, Work Convenience, Traffic, Census, Tomas O’Beirne, The estate outside the dwelling, Journal of Architectural Research, American Journal of Sociology, Urban Studies, Encounter, Environment Planning,
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RIAI Bulletin 41

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

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Research, Discipline, and Practice: UCD Urban Design Symposium 2023

Editors: Michael K. Hayes and Alan Mee.
Journal
€ 0.00 

Proceedings of the first UCD Urban Design Symposium which took place on 31 March 2023.

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RIAI Bulletin 23

Editor: J. Owen Lewis.
Journal
€ 4.75 

Beginning in 1972, the RIAI Bulletin was a monthly newsletter to inform Institute members of the wide range of matters with which the RIAI was involved.

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Architectural Survey 1965

Editor: Patrick M. Delany.
Journal
€ 4.75 

Architectural Survey was an annual review of contemporary architecture in Ireland, which ran from 1953-1972.

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2ha: the journal of suburban design #01

Editor/Author: Michael K. Hayes.
Journal
€ 4.00 

2ha #01 explores the potential of mapping in understanding the suburban condition.

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Architecture Ireland 310

Editor: Michael K. Hayes.
Journal
€ 9.50 

Architecture Ireland is the journal of the Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland. Issue #310 focuses on the theme of ‘play’.

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Domestic

Author: Dominic Stevens
Book
€ 5.90 

Domestic is a reflection on the design of domestic spaces by architect Dominic Stevens.

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The Dublin Region: Advisory Plan and Final Report (Part I)

Author: Myles Wright.
Book
€ 0.00 

This regional report examined the social, economic and physical resources of county Dublin and its environs with a view to guide the use of land and public and private building works for the following thirty years.

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20 Irish Buildings You Should Know

Editors: Róisín Bean, Tim Connell, Brian Gargan, Paul Kelly, Adam McLoughlin, Jack Prendergast.
Book
€ 0.00 

Twenty twentieth-century Irish buildings that students of architecture should know, as chosen by TU Dublin fourth-year architecture students.

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The Hidden Architecture of Things

Editors: Gary A. Boyd, Gregory Keeffe.
Book
€ 0.00 

This book investigates the global architecture of commodities. It does so by examining the spaces of production and transportation of seven specific items, chosen for their ubiquity within everyday life. In doing so, we not only realise how a washing machine can relate to a banana, but also how, as architects, we might begin to design alternatives.

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streets for living: a conference on residential road design

Editor: Eoghan Brangan.
Book
€ 7.95 

Organised by an Foras Forbartha, this paper documents the proceedings of a conference on residential road design from Jury’s Hotel in Dublin in May 1976.

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The Bicycle: A study of efficiency, usage, and safety

Author: Dr. D. F. Moore.
Book
€ 7.95 

Financed by Irish Raleigh Ltd., this report is a general study of the efficiency, usage, and safety of the bicycle as a mode transport. As well as bicycle safety, this study considers housing estate layout in suburban areas and how it can minimise the adverse impact of motorised traffic on urban neighbourhoods.

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